Stropharia capsicum cultivation techniques

Stropharia, also known as wrinkled globe cover ball, burgundy ball mushroom and so on. The mushroom is bright red, the cap of the mushroom is hemispherical, and the flower shape is large. The cap of the mushroom is 6-10 cm. The oyster mushroom is crispy and crispy and has a delicious taste. Vitamin B and essential minerals and niacin content are very abundant. Fresh products in the domestic market cost 6-12 yuan per kilogram. Fresh products in the international market cost between US$5 and US$7 per kilogram. , Dry goods cost 40-60 US dollars per kilogram, is one of the top ten most popular mushroom species in the international mushroom market. Long straw raw materials can be used to cultivate fresh mushrooms 10-20 kg per square meter. It is a rare edible fungus cultivated by domestic products. The Stropharia globularis is widely used in rural areas and agricultural and forestry farms due to its following characteristics, showing a broad development prospect. 1. Rich sources of cultivation materials Stropharia globulus is mainly cultivated with raw materials such as straw, corn stalk, and wheat straw. These raw materials are easily found in rural areas and the cost is very low. After cultivation, the waste is still a good organic fertilizer and can be used to improve the soil. 2. The cultivation technique is simple and easy without any equipment. It can be directly cultivated with straw raw materials, and it is easy to obtain success. 3, high yield, low cost, economic benefits considerable According to the small area of ​​cultivation, the bioconversion rate is as high as 100% -200%. That is, 100-200 kilograms of fresh mushrooms can be harvested for every 100 kilograms of dry straw, and the current market price of fresh mushrooms is 4 yuan per kilogram, while 100 kilograms of dry straw yields 400-800 yuan. 4, Stropharia capsularis adapt to a wide temperature, strong resistance, it can be in the range of 4-30 °C mushroom, that is, in addition to the hot summer, the rest of the season can be planted. And it has a strong anti-miscellaneous, disease-resistant ability, strict management requirements, suitable for large-scale promotion. Here's a brief introduction of its cultivation techniques: 1 Cultivation site: Choose sheltered, semi-shaded, well-drained places, lime on the ground or spray dichlorvos. 2 Site preparation: The soil is made into a turtle shape with a back height of 10-15 cm and a width of 80-100 cm. 3 cultivation of raw materials processing: The straw was cut to 2-3 cm long, then immersed in 1% lime water for 2-3 days, then remove and rinse the water droplets until there are water droplets between fingers. 4 Build heaps and inoculate: The grass is piled into a thickness of 20-25 cm, which is flat and practical. For each square meter, use a bag of seeds and plant it in two layers, using on-demand method. After the inoculation, cover the straw or other coverings to keep moist and moist. 5 shucking mushrooms and covering soil: After inoculation, observe the humidity, pests and diseases regularly, and find that the material is sprayed in a timely manner when there is dry material. Insect pests and insect pests are sprayed with dichlorvos. After the mycelium is overgrown, cover the soil (2-3 cm in thickness) of shiitake mushrooms. 6 harvest mushroom: in the rupture of the veil, the cap was not flattened before the harvest is appropriate, a single whole-grass picking. Can receive 3-5 wave mushroom, each wave is separated by 15-25 days. Flower weight 100-200 grams.

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