Camellia is an evergreen shrub or tree of the genus Camellia, which can be up to 15 meters high. It is hi and semi-yin, and it is warm and humid. It does not adapt to extreme heat and cold. Camellia blooms in early spring and has a long flowering period. The total flowering period can be from the first year of September to the second year of April. And its leaves are evergreen, is a very ornamental flower, Camellia with a beautiful flower posture will be more and more people understand and love.
Breeding: Camellia propagation methods include cuttings, grafting, sowing, and layering.
Cuttage propagation is most suitable for the rainy season in late June and late August and early September.
Grafting and breeding in the 5 to 6 months is good, commonly used by the graft, graft and bud grafting. Reliance on easy to survive, fast growth, but the method is cumbersome, inconvenient management, material costs; and grafting and bud grafting practical application more, timber economy, easy to operate, as long as the appropriate temperature and humidity, careful management, survival rate of up to 80%. Rootstock with oil tea is more, can also use single petal camellia. Grafting in the hot season, double curtains must be covered so that the shed does not see direct light, and the water spray cools before and after noon.
Seeding and breeding is mainly to cultivate rootstocks and new varieties, which should be accompanied by sowing. Otherwise, the germination power will be lost. If the seeds cannot be sowed in time in autumn, the wet sand should be stored until the next year in February. The general autumn sowing has higher germination rate than spring sowing.
Batten propagation is carried out by a high air pressure strip method, which is carried out after the new growth is stopped.
Cultivation: During the growth of Camellia, sufficient moisture should be given, and the air should maintain high humidity. The leaves should be sprayed with water frequently. Summer should be under the arbor; if it is still indoors, it should be kept cool and ventilated. After flowering, pots and soils should be easily soiled. The proportion of loam and humus or peat soil should be equal, and a small amount of river sand should be added.
Watering is not available with alkaline water. The northern soil is mostly alkaline, while the well water and river water are also alkaline. The camellia is poor due to iron deficiency, and the leaf color gradually turns yellow and grows slowly. The flower farmers in Fuling County, Henan Province often use water between manure and water to supply the iron needed for growth and development. The plants can grow normally. The preparation method of "Feng Fei Shui" includes 200-250 kg of water, 2.5 kg of ferrous sulfate (black sorghum), 5 kg of bean cake, 15 kg of pig manure, and generally 10 to 15 days. After maturity, it can be used. Loquat water is generally watered at sunset. Normally, it does not pour water in winter; it begins to pour water and fertilizer after spring, and gradually increases afterwards. Between May and June, it can be poured 4 to 5 times per month; in July, it is the most abundant season and should be increased; after August, the number of applications and the amount can be gradually reduced. September (autumn) stop using.
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